Supporting Material for Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses

Please contact us at to request a copy of the PDFs of journal articles listed below. 

Monitoring seahorses

Measuring seahorses (2003) 

Guide to monitoring seahorse fisheries (2003) 

Visual census for seahorse population assessments (2004) 

iSeahorse toolkit for monitoring wild seahorse populations underwater (2014)

iSeahorse toolkit for surveying wild seahorse landings (2014)

Seahorse identification guides

A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses by S.A Lourie, S.J. Foster, E.W.T. Cooper and A.C.J. Vincent (2004). Download the complete ID Guide (4 MB pdf)

Simplified identification guide to Southeast Asian seahorses  (Bahasa Indonesian | English | Thai | Vietnamese )

Simplified identification guide to Eastern Atlantic seahorses (English)

Simplified identification guide to the Americas seahorses (English)

Seahorse life history

Foster, S. J. and A. C. J. Vincent (2004) Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management.  Journal of Fish Biology 65(1):1-61

Seahorse Life History Tables (updated 7 October 2013)

Country and Jurisdiction Codes for Life History tables

Reference List for Life History tables

Seahorse conservation 

Vincent, A. C. J., Foster, S. J., & Koldewey, H. J. (2011) Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78(6):1681-1724

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: - includes summaries of the information used to make the assessment – such as taxonomic notes, geographic range, population information and trends, habitat and ecology, threats, and conservation action. 

Red List overview: how to use the IUCN Red List

National Red List: - summarises national conservation assessment for species, where they exist.

IUCN Handbook for species conservation planning, and Guidelines for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations

Other resources

Additional resources on seahorses - see  (Saving seahorses together)

Country Specific Resources